Do You Know What's in Your E-Liquid?
One of the most frequently asked questions by first-time users and even seasoned vapers when they walk into a vape store is: what’s in an e-liquid? For first-time users, the question amounts to gaining knowledge about what is being vaped and for seasoned vapers, the composition of the e-liquid affects the level and consistency of vapor produced as well as the taste. So regardless of what stage you’re in, newcomer or advanced, it’s important to know what’s in your e-juice.
The basis of vapor cigarettes or vape mods is an e-liquid, also called ejuice or e cig juice. It’s the liquid substance that is heated to produce vapor by coils in vape pens and advanced mechanical vape MODs or electronic box MODs. And the majority of e-liquids are composed of mainly four ingredients: flavoring, nicotine, and a combination of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG).
Flavoring compounds are used to produce the wide-ranging flavors offered by manufacturers from tobacco to menthol to food concentrates like desserts, fruits, coffee, and candy. Much of these flavorings are the same that are used in the food industry.
E-liquids contain varied levels of nicotine. Ranging from 0mg (no nicotine) to upwards of 24mg of nicotine, this content determines the strength of the e-liquid. Choosing the level of nicotine that’s right for you depends on how often you would smoke to make sure you receive enough to get that fix.
And now we turn to PG and VG. These two components of e-liquids are combined in various ratios to produce different vaping experiences. Propylene glycol (PG) is added to produce a stronger throat hit and when compared with vegetable glycerin (VG) has a much thinner consistency, which is favorable for vape pens to reduce clogging on the wick. PG also enhances the taste of the flavoring compounds. VG provides denser vapor clouds given its thicker consistency and doesn’t provide as strong of a throat hit. Both of these are widely found in commercially available products and are considered safe by the FDA.
Vapers using vaporizer pens tend to use e-liquids with a predominance of PG that gives them the throat hit they had with combustion cigarettes and at the same time the eliquid flows better through the vaporizer tank wick. The higher PG content also allows more flavor for the amount of vapor produced by their vape pen.
On the other hand, vapor MODs have a much bigger heating element working at a higher temperature than vapor pens so they are able to produce a lot more vapor with more flavor than vaporizer pens. This is why vapers who utilize MODs will generally favor e-juices with a higher content of VG. Those liquids will keep the throat hit in check for the amount of vapor and give a smoother vaping experience rich in flavor.
PG and VG are often found in different quantities within each e-liquid depending on the needs of the individual vaper – do you want a stronger throat hit or a denser cloud? It’s all up to you!